Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects a large number of people around the world and may be the product of our genes or our habits. Whatever its origin, the objective is always to keep blood glucose levels under control avoiding hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. To achieve this, there are some foods that diabetics should avoid.

Glucose peaks: the enemy of diabetes

Eating a cake filled with sugar and refined flours, with almost no fiber or protein, can imply a sudden rise in blood glucose, a condition that increases the risk of suffering from diabetes if it is repeated frequently.

But in addition, after said hyperglycemia, we can “correct” the glucose values using insulin or try to reduce it with exercise, for example.

If the insulin is too much or if the exercise consumes a lot of glucose, we can suffer a reactive hypoglycemia, that is, after the sudden rise in glucose it drops below 70 mg/dl, generating a hypoglycemia that also implies a risk for our organism, whose brain and many other important organs use glucose as the main fuel.

So, the enemy of diabetes are the peaks of blood glucose, both downwards and upwards, something we can avoid or at least try to control with the help of a good diet and other lifestyle habits.

These are foods a diabetes patient should avoid

As we have said, the main daily objective of those suffering from this metabolic disease is to avoid glucose peaks that can harm health, therefore, we must avoid foods that digest quickly and contain at the same time, a large percentage of hydrates responsible for a sudden rise in glucose. For example:

  • Sugary drinks: soft drinks, flavored waters and other sweetened beverages of industrial origin are not only a source of sugar in a liquid form that can quickly pass to the body, but their intake has been linked to increased risk of metabolic diseases in a published study in the Circulation magazine. On the other hand, many of these drinks are sweetened with fructose, a sugar that we mistakenly consider healthy and that also increases the risk of suffering from insulin resistance and diabetes, as scientists in Massachusetts concluded.
  • Honey, syrups or natural syrups : although these alternatives to sugar are not only simple calories and hydrates but can offer antioxidants, minerals and vitamins good for the body, they are also a source of sugars such as glucose and fructose, according to a study published in The Journal of Nutrition , they quickly raise blood sugar levels and have similar negative effects as table sugar, which is always avoided
  • White bread and refined cereals: during the industrial processing to achieve a white flour and products derived from it, the grains lose a great percentage of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, resulting in a food that is more easily digested and offers energy that quickly reaches the body. Therefore, Australian scientists showed that these processed foods with a high glycemic index are not recommended if we seek to avoid a sudden rise in blood glucose. In replacement, we can go to whole grain bread or fiber or add to the pasta foods rich in proteins or fiber that are good alternatives to control glycemia.
  • Commercial pastries and snacks : these products are not only a source of sugars in considerable proportions and flour or refined grains, but also often have trans fats, poor quality nutrients that induce negative metabolic changes, among them, reduce insulin sensitivity and they increase the risk of suffering from diabetes, according to a study published in the journal Obesity .
  • Fruit juices: although they are derived from fruits, both packaged and natural juices are not recommended for those who suffer from diabetes. The first ones can have a lot of added sugar, among which is fructose, but the juices made at home are not a good option as much of the fiber that the fruit has is eliminated and therefore, natural fruit juice can raise suddenly the blood glucose. In addition, its sugar content can be similar to that of other sugary drinks and have the same negative effect on the organism, as concluded in an investigation published in The Lancet. For those who have diabetes, it is best to consume a piece of whole fruit.
  • Burned and fried food: the high cooking temperature can give rise to toxic substances and derivatives glycation process in our body can cause inter alia, insulin – resistance or diabetes as stated by US scientists.

Beyond sugar, these are the foods that you should avoid if you have diabetes because its effect on the body does not contribute to the control of the disease but on the contrary, it can harm it and promote the development of glucose peaks and their consequences.

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