Prediabetes is a situation that precedes diabetes and works as an alert to prevent the disease from progressing. The individual may know that he is prediabetic with a simple blood test, where fasting blood glucose levels can be observed.

Prediabetes indicates that glucose is not being used correctly by the body, accumulating in the blood, however, without reaching the levels of diabetes. The individual is considered prediabetic when the values of fasting blood glucose vary between 100 and 125 mg/dl and it is considered diabetic if that value reaches 126 mg/dl.

Symptoms of Prediabetes

Prediabetes does not produce symptoms as such, and this phase can last from 3 to 5 years. If during this period the person does not take care of himself, it is very probable that it evolves to diabetes, a disease that no longer heals and that needs daily control.

The only way to know if the person has diabetes is through the performance of laboratory tests. Normal fasting blood glucose is up to 99 mg/dl, so when the value is between 100 and 125 mg/dl, the person is in prediabetes. Another test that also serves to diagnose diabetes is the glycosylated hemoglobin test, values below 5.7% mean that it is normal, between 5.7 and 6.4% are indicators of prediabetes and above 6.4 is considered diabetes.

These tests can be done when the doctor suspects diabetes when there is a history in the family or at an annual check-up.

How to treat Prediabetes and avoid diabetes

To control prediabetes and prevent the disease from progressing to diabetes, one must control the diet, some tips are:

  • Eating low-calorie foods, increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables;
  • Avoiding foods high in fat, salt and sugar;
  • To help control and regulate blood sugar better, you should try to eat foods with low glycemic index, this means that the sugar content of these foods is low, such as apple, lettuce, peanuts, walnuts, and the grains.
  • Read food labels, trying to avoid those that contain sugar;
  • Prepare grilled, baked or cooked foods, avoiding fried foods and stews;
  • Avoid sweeteners, since many of them alter blood glucose, if you want to sweeten coffee, for example, it is preferable to use stevia;
  • Consume 2 to 2.5 L of water per day.

Weight loss is very important to achieve control of blood sugar, so it is important to perform regular physical activity such as walking for 30 to 60 minutes at least 3 times a week.

In some cases the endocrine may prescribe the use of medications to control blood glucose, called oral hypoglycemic agents such as metformin, whose dose should be indicated by the doctor, which will depend on the individual needs of each person, may also indicate medications for decrease cholesterol and hypertension, if necessary.

Does Prediabetes have a cure?

People with prediabetes who follow all the guidelines of the doctor, modify the diet and begin to perform physical activity regularly will manage to normalize the sanguine glycemia, curing the prediabetes. But after achieving the goal, it is important to maintain this new healthy lifestyle, thus preventing the glycemia from rising again.

Take the prevention test

If prediabetes is a concern, talk to your doctor about your concerns. By tackling prediabetes early, you can act quickly to reduce or even eliminate the risk of type 2 diabetes. This will ensure you do what it takes to stay healthy throughout your life and also finally do away with those unused and unexpired diabetes test strips. You will even earn some cash while you are at it. Check them out at