Eating well can help you get good control of your blood sugar.

Dietary recommendations for the person with diabetes are similar to those for the general population.

Some basic tips

  • Take three balanced meals a day and, if needed, snacks. Avoid skipping meals.
  • Have a regular meal schedule. These should be spaced approximately 4 to 6 hours apart. Snacks should be taken 2 to 3 hours after the meal if any.
  • Eat a variety of foods from different food groups: vegetables and fruits, starchy foods, milk and alternatives, meats and alternatives.
  • Choose foods that are rich in dietary fiber: vegetables and fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, and more.
  • Compose your meal according to the model of the balanced plate.
  • Limit the consumption of sweet and nutritious foods (cakes, pastries, sweets, chocolate, biscuits, brown sugar, honey, molasses, syrups, jams, etc.). These should only be consumed in small quantities and occasionally.
  • Choose water for hydration rather than fruit juices and sugary drinks.
  • If you consume sugar substitutes (aspartame, sucralose, cyclamates, saccharines, stevia, etc.) or products that contain it, do so sparingly.
  • If you consume alcohol, preferably do so while eating and observe the recommended amounts.

Pay particular attention to the portions and distribution of foods containing carbohydrates: fruits, starchy foods, milk and alternatives, legumes, certain vegetables and foods with added sugar.

For the health of your heart:

  • Limit consumption of high-fat foods, especially saturated and trans fats.
  • Limit the intake of high-salt foods such as potato chips, cold cuts, prepared or frozen foods, marinades, commercial sauces or soups, and more.

* People with diabetes should consult a dietician-nutritionist. It is shown that nutritional followed with or nutritionist can, alone, reduce the rate of glycated hemoglobin (A1C) from 1 to 2%.

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